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Downloadable Teaching Resources

Teaching and learning resources : presentations from the Final Project event, Saturday 2nd May 2009

Lesson 1 - Ashley Bartlett, Rushey Mead SchoolSnapshots from History (.ppt - Microsoft  Powerpoint)Partition Photographs (.doc - Microsoft Word)Historical Snapshots Plan (.doc - Microsoft Word)
Lesson 2 - Harminder Kajall, Manor High School, OadbyChronology Cards (.doc - Microsoft Word)Living graph cards (.ppt - Microsoft  Powerpoint)Partition Timeline (.ppt - Microsoft Powerpoint)Partition Mystery (.ppt - Microsoft  Powerpoint)The British in India & Independence (a) (.ppt - Microsoft  Powerpoint)The British in India & Independence (b) (.ppt - Microsoft  Powerpoint)
Lesson 3 - Andy Parrish, Crown Hills Community CollegeTo know that there was 'Humanity amidst Insanity' (.ppt - Microsoft  Powerpoint)
Lesson 4 - Sam Elliott, Abington High School, Wigston"It was all their fault..." (.doc - Microsoft Word)Lesson plan (.doc - Microsoft Word)

Searing Images of Partition : Margaret Bourke-White

For copyright reasons the images are not reproduced here.  Teachers could assign the search for images to their students and request each student to write a short personal reflection on the significance of a particular image.
Searing Images of Partition : Margaret Bourke-White

Commentary on Partition by Alan Campbell-Johnson

Alan Campbell-Johnson (1913-98) was the first and only press attache to a Viceroy of India, accompanying Mountbatten for the transfer of power to the newly independent India and Pakistan.  The material assembled here is in three parts :
Excerpts from his book on Partition Interview given to the news channel Rediff on 27 May 1997 Informal answers given to questioners after the interview
Commentary on Partition by Alan Campbell-Johnson

Sir Reginald Coupland's comments on the future of India (1943)

Coupland was a constitutional expert and his comments on the Punjab and Bengal should have been heeded by the colonial administration in the drive to partition in 1946-7.
Sir Reginald Coupland's comments on the future of India

Findings of the Census of Indian Population (1941), analyzed by Coupland

Coupland helpfully divides the data into three sections : a) British India, subdivided by provinces or states; b) States and agencies (not falling under direct British administration); and then c)  total populations.  Notes on the table are included in the Coupland comments file.
Findings of the census of Indian population

Three Giants of South Asia.  Gandhi, Ambedkar and Jinnah on Self-Determination

This book by Richard Bonney in 2004 explores the Gandhi-Jinnah constitutional negotiations in 1944 and also Dr Ambedkar's analysis of the case for Pakistan put forward by the Muslim League.
Three Giants of South Asia

Notes on the Punjab Boundary Force (1974 article by Robin Jeffrey)

The much maligned neutral Punjab Boundary Force established on 19 July 1947 comprised only 23,000 operating in a vast territory somewhat larger than Ireland on an army-population ration of 1:630.  It was very much an afterthought, and had to be disbanded at the end of August because of the division of the army between India and Parkistan.  The absence of a neutral civil power and the geographically proximate Sikh princely states acted as critical impediments to the work of the Boundary Force.
Notes on the Punjab Boundary Force

Forced Migration and Ethnic Cleansing in Lahore in 1947 : some first person accounts by Ishtiaq Ahmed

Excellent detailed account based on first-person interviews which has long been available as a web resource but repays careful study.
Forced Migration and Ethnic Cleansing in Lahore in 1947

The Battle for Lahore and Amritsar and other essays by Ishtiaq Ahmed

Excellent summaries of the issues in the partition of the Punjab in 1947 and the forced migration which followed.  Ahmed contends that 'there is no doubt that many more Muslims [than Sikhs or Hundus] lost their lives' in the transfer of the population.  Against other commentators such as Campbell-Johnson and Penderel Moon, he opts for a higher figure of 700-800,000 deaths in the Punjab, of whom about half a million were Muslims.
The Battle for Lahore and Amritsar and other essays by Ishtiaq Ahmed

Extracts from the Jinnah Papers, ed. Zaidi

Contains the report by Edwina Lady Mountbatten on a tour of the North-West Frontier Province and the Punjab, 2 May 1947; H. L. Ismay on the (dismal) situation of Muslims in Delhi, 5 Sept 1947; public statement of Master Tara Singh and Udham Singh Nagoke, 24 Sept 1947; US Ambassador to India to US Secretary of State, 1 Sept 1947; Joint Press Dispatch Gigantic Exchange of Two Million People begins in the Punhjab, 2 Sept 1947; Howard Donovan to US Secretary of State, 18 Sept 1947.
Extracts from the Jinnah Papers

Types of Web Resources on Partition 1947

Types of Web Resources on Partition 1947

Pre-Partition and Partition Maps

Map of British India and the Princely States before Partition

The significant size of the Princely States is evident from the map. Note that Bengal did not have princely states proximate to its territory, unlike the Punjab which did. Though the princely states of Patiala, Bahawalpur and others (there were nine small states near the Punjab) provided a refuge for people (especially Sikhs) escaping violence, they also provided some of the weapons and armed bands used in the violence in the Punjab. Note also the proximity of Lahore to Amritsar in the Punjab.
Map of British India and the Princely States before Partition

Map of Afghanistan and Baluchistan c. 1920

Baluchistan was a former princely state which joined Pakistan in 1947. Afghanistan opposed the creation of the state of Pakistan for a number of reasons, one of which was that it would enshrine in international law the Durand Line of 1893 as the boundary between Pakistan and Afghanistan. Afghanistan claims that the Durand Line was imposed by the British colonial administration under duress.
Map of Afghanistan and Baluchistan c. 1920

Map of Bengal c.1920

The map shows the state of Bengal prior to partition and has an insert map with details of Calcutta. The green area on the Calcutta map, the Maidan, was where Gandhi held mass rallies in his attempt to maintain communal peace.
Map of Bengal c.1920

Railways of East India

The map shows the main railway lines in the east of the country, and thus some of the possible routes for those seeking to transfer from or to Bengal.
Railways of East India

Railways of West India

The map shows the main railway lines in the west of the country, and thus some of the possible routes for those seeking to transfer from or to the Punjab.
Railways of West India

Map of the Punjab, North-West Frontier Province and Kashmir

The significance of the five rivers of the Punjab is evident. This map also provides details of the railway lines in the Punjab.
Map of the Punjab, North-West Frontier Province and Kashmir

Religious Divisions of Bengal Based on 1941 Census

The 1941 Census provided the basis for the division of Bengal, although the Boundary Commission was obliged to take into consideration other factors as well.
Religious Divisions of Bengal Based on 1941 Census

Boundary Award, Bengal Division

The Red Line gives the final demarcation of the Boundary Commission. Inside the Red lines = East Pakistan. Calcutta is awarded to India.
Boundary Award, Bengal Division

Religious Divisions of the Punjab Based on 1941 Census

The 1941 Census provided the basis for the division of the Punjab, although the Boundary Commission was obliged to take into consideration other factors as well.
Religious Divisions of the Punjab Based on 1941 Census

Boundary Award, Punjab Division

The Red Line gives the final demarcation of the Boundary Commission. Above the Red line = West Pakistan. Amritsar (but not Lahore) is awarded to India.
Boundary Award, Punjab Division

Lord Mountbatten's Protestations

Lord Mountbatten's Protestations that Armed Force would be available to contain the breakdown of order at the time of Partition : an Exercise in Self-Delusion rather than Deception?
Lord Mountbatten's Protestations

The Transfer of Population as envisaged by the Sikh Political Leaders

Transfer of Population

Direct Action Day Manifesto, Calcutta & Analysis of the Calcutta Killings, 1946

Direct Action Day Manifesto

Hussain Shaheed Suhrawardy and the violence at Calcutta, 1946 : his sister's testimony

Violence at Calcutta
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Page Last Updated: 13 May 2009